The Smart Magazine About Medical Technology Innovations
Virtual reality and wearables have been buzzwords in the medical field for a few years. In this issue, we take a look at how they may transform child care—the pros, the cons and the unanswered questions. When today’s children become adults, they may encounter a new medical landscape inspired by transhumanism. This philosophy sees medicine as not only curing, but also enhancing human beings. Check out our interview with James Hughes, one of the most influential transhumanist bioethicists.
A pilot study in San Francisco has shown that virtual reality (VR) can help children and teens escape from the pain of sickle cell disease, and future studies are planned to ease discomfort for youths being treated for cancer.
The idea came from video game developer Simon Robertson, who also happened to be a volunteer...
Today, digital technology permeates nearly every demographic corner of society. High school students do their homework on iPads, octogenarians use Skype and contactless payment, and Fitbit trackers tell legions of wearers how healthy, or unhealthy, their lifestyles are. But there is one area where technical innovation is still in its relative infancy: parenting.
A slew of eager start-ups are now falling over themselves to develop and retail products that connect babies and kids with smartphones. Increasingly sophisticated apps, monitors and myriad wearable devices provide couples with real-time information on their children’s breathing, skin temperature and heart rate. We are entering the era of digital parenting.
The development of smart technology means mothers and fathers can now keep track of their babies and toddlers 24/7, using smart clothes, video monitors with two-way audio, and an ever-growing range of other devices.
Utah-based start-up Owlet Baby Care was founded in 2013 by a group of young fathers. After more than two years of testing and development, the company released its first product in October 2015.
Courtesy of Owlet
The Owlet Smart Sock, which currently retails for $250, uses pulse oximetry (many will recognize this as the little red light they attach to their finger in the hospital to track heart rate and oxygen). The company has miniaturized this technology into a sock that continuously tracks a baby’s heart rate and oxygen while they sleep.
If metrics are registered outside of a discrete zone, the Smart Sock system sends an immediate warning to all connected smartphones. Such zones, which are preset by the manufacturer, are in the order of 80-100 for oxygen and 60-220 bpm for heart rate. While the Smart Sock is a consumer product, Owlet is now working on a medical, FDA-approved version that can be used for clinical and diagnostic purposes.
“The Smart Sock is technological marvel,” says Jane Putnam, Owlet’s public relations manager. “Compared to a hospital pulse oximeter, it’s a tenth of the cost, a hundredth of the size, totally wireless and comparably accurate.”
Owlet is operating in a competitive space. San Francisco-based Sproutling has integrated the same technology into an ankle strap, while Boston-based Mimo has incorporated it into a onesie that also measures the baby’s sleeping temperature. If the baby is too warm, a smartphone-connected Nest thermostat can be used to change room temperature.
The monitor’s core technology is its cry detection system
Not all new baby tech comes in wearable form. The Smart Baby Monitor is the latest product from Evoz, a San Francisco-based start-up founded in 2009. An upgrade on traditional monitors, it retails at $229 and uses the home WiFi network.
The Evoz monitor differs from conventional monitors in several ways. A video monitor is connected directly to the user’s smartphone, so they can see and hear their baby at all times, regardless of location.
Courtesy of Evoz
“The monitor’s core technology is its cry detection system,” says Evoz CEO Ruwan Welaratna. “This comprises two software modules. One runs in the firmware of the monitor, continuously analyzing the audio picked up by the microphone. The other runs on our servers that receives a small packet of information from the monitor every 10 seconds. Between these two systems, we know if the baby is crying.”
Data from the app, which is presented graphically, also allows parents to analyze their child’s sleep patterns. This is useful for planning their own sleep, or picking up changes in behavior that may correspond to sickness or some external influence. The app makes it easy to export data, so that it can be conveniently shared with pediatricians and sleep coaches.
The ongoing proliferation of baby tech is not without its critics. Many parents and scientists are concerned about the electromagnetic radiation generated by smart devices, and its possible side effects on the health of children and newborn babies.
Courtesy of Owlet
Wireless devices emit both microwave and radio frequency radiation. Although more research needs to be conducted on the impact of such radiation, early evidence suggests that parents should be cautious. Animal studies quantifying the effect of radiofrequency signals on neuronal cell numbers in the pre-natal or early neonatal brain have detected significant decreases1.
“Babies and children are potentially more susceptible because they are still developing,” says Dr. Sarah Starkey, a UK-based neuroscientist and environmental health researcher. “I think most parents remain unaware of the possible risks.”
Many baby tech start-ups are already heeding the concern over wireless radiation. Owlet’s Smart Sock pairs with its base station via Bluetooth low energy, which generates far less radiation than a cellphone. Evoz’s Smart Bay Monitor uses compression software so that audio and video data transmission via WiFi is minimized.
The American sociologist and bioethicist James Hughes attended the Health Future Show conference that took place at the Villa Méditerranée in Marseille on December 6. On this occasion, Hughes talked to MedicalExpo e-mag about transhumanism, artificial intelligence, genetic modification and other new technologies that...
Digital solutions have become the norm in the healthcare arena. Many hospitals are moving toward delivering efficient care to their patients in real time, meaning that Big Data is increasingly important to improving data sharing, particularly across a global network of interconnected healthcare providers.
There has been much excitement over the promises that Big Data offer
To address the ‘future of data-driven healthcare’ at this year’s ArabHealth exhibition, the Big Data Conference returned for the fifth consecutive year addressing topics such as population health, electronic health records, clinical decision support and IT security in a healthcare setting. Ahead of chairing the conference, Dr. Aaron Han, acting chief medical officer, American Hospital Dubai, sat with MedicalExpo e-Magazine to offer some insight into this subject. He said, “There has been much excitement over the promises that Big Data offer. In Dubai, we are starting to see how its application will elevate patient health and outcomes.”
Finding Ways to Analyse Data
One place to look is at smaller chunks of data called data sets
Big Data is gathered from various sources and constitutes various types of data. Coupled with the sheer volume of data and its continual exponential growth, it becomes more imperative to find ways to analyze it before using it effectively. “So much data is available at our fingertips, that before we start to analyze it effectively, we need to sift through data and work with what is accurate and viable. One place to look is at smaller chunks of data, called data sets, as they will have the most clinical impact while looking at the epidemiology of diseases such as diabetes and obesity that are prevalent in the region.”
The power of Big Data is here to stay and it will redefine the job of healthcare professionals. “Generally, healthcare professionals prefer to work with more traditional approaches when treating patients. However, those who’ve already made the shift by adapting to latest technologies are already reaping the benefits. By working smarter, they’ve witnessed that not only patient outcomes have improved, but their everyday clinical practices has been enhanced as they start to use Big Data in an effective manner.”
Minimally invasive surgery is increasingly used in operating rooms. Because the surgeon can no longer see the intervention area, image quality becomes crucial. While 4K and 3-D imaging are still rare in hospitals, VIMS Systems presented a generational leap at ArabHealth: 7K.
This heightened resolution gives the surgeon a real sense of depth.
At the Dubai fair, this imaging company demonstrated a minimally invasive surgery camera offering three times the resolution of a 4K camera. “To draw a parallel with photography, we use an imaging system with three times the number of pixels,” explained VIMS Systems founder Henri Fernandez in an interview with MedicalExpo e-Magazine. “In technical terms, we must handle three times 8 million pixels, 30 times per second. This heightened resolution gives the surgeon a real sense of depth.”
A Total Solution
Courtesy of VIMS Systems
Today, VIMS Systems offers the ArthroVIMS for arthroscopic surgery and the EndoVIMS for laparoscopy. “Our columns represent a total solution, including camera, screen, connections, etc. They are autonomous solutions which connect directly to the Internet.” Whether for actual operations or training, it is possible to have a 7K column without rewiring the operating room. On the other hand, using VIMS Systems tools in an integrated operating room requires fiber optics. A simple HD installation is insufficient for 7K. Beyond the camera, one of the most innovative pieces of VIMS Systems equipment is the EndoVcover. The company developed a single-use, throw-away sheath for its 7K systems. This makes it possible to reuse the camera, ensuring maximum image quality. “Today, we’re presenting our 13th generation system. The goal remains the same—achieve maximum resolution while respecting the minimally invasive norm of 10 mm.”
Real-time 3-D imaging reconstruction of patients is becoming a reality. Philips is introducing into the OR a new surgical navigation technology: augmented reality. The company is combining low-dose X-ray imaging and high-resolution optical cameras that capture images from markers placed around the surgical site. This technology is then used to create a 3-D augmented-reality view of the patient’s anatomy, displayed on screen in the OR. Surgeons can then use this representation to improve placement and to check results without an extra CT scan.
Courtesy of Philips
A pre-clinical study on cadavers has been published in Spine Journal. According to the authors, not only is augmented-reality surgical navigation feasible, but it is also providing a better accuracy than standard minimally invasive technique (85% vs. 64%, P<0.05).